Fraud Watch 2000

101 Acts of Fraud: Updated July 1 at 12:30 p.m.

19 hours before polls open in the July 2, 2000 Mexican Elections

(Reports of vote-buying, coercion, intimidation, illegal use of social programs, confiscation of voter credentials, use of narco-money, and other pressures on Mexican voters are coming in so fast that Fraud Watch 2000 presents a new streamlined format that summarizes the reports in English and states the source of the information)

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101. Federal Army in Chiapas continues intimidating patrols near Zapatista communities in violation of order by Federal Elections Institute. Source: La Jornada, July 1, 2000.

100. Cable TV networks censor all foreign networks before, during and after election, even though they are not required by law to do so. Source: La Jornada, July 1, 2000.

99. Foreign minister's office admits that two of its managers used federal funds on state time to pressure workers to vote for the PRI. Source: La Jornada, July 1, 2000.

98. More than $4 million US dollars diverted from state coffers to the PRI campaign in Nuevo León. The ex leader of the state PRI in Nuevo León, Oscar Herrera Hosking, is accused by the state prosecutor of diverting from public funds at least $12 million pesos to his party. He is the third PRI leader involved in this, making the total amount $44 million pesos, or $4.4 million US dollars, diverted from the state funds to the PRI campaign. Source: Reforma, July 1, 2000.

97. Michoacán Governor audiotaped in cell-phone call in which he urges PRI officials to use state monies to buy the vote. The Reforma newspaper today published the transcript and made the audiotape available on its internet site. The call documents that $80 million US dollars "missing" from state accounts is being used to buy the vote in this impoverished state.

The Governor, Víctor Manuel Tinoco Rubí (VMTR) ordered economic support for the PRI campaign in the state. The following is a translation of the telephone conversation transcript of the conversation between Governor and the PRI Senate candidate Antonio García Torres (AGT):


Receptionist: Good morning Mr. Secretary.

AGT.- Good Morning.
Receptionist.- I'm putting you on with the Governor.
AGT.- Clearly, yes
VTR.- Hello
AGT.- ¿What's up my Gober?
VTR.- Good morning Mr. Secretary...
AGT.- ¿How are you?
VTR.- Good, and you?.
AGT.- Excellent. Here I am going to meet rignt now with (state PRI president) Jorgito Guerrero and (municipal secretary of the state capital of Morelia) Dany, Dany Mora.
VTR.- Okay...
AGT.- ¿What's up my Gober?
VTR.- Get this to the Party, see if you can call Fernando (Orihuela Carmona, state PRI leader and congressional candidate).
AGT.- Yes...
VTR.- The party president..
AGT.- Yes...
VTR.- And tell him to give you the list of all the party chairmen in the towns...
AGT.- Yes... agreement with his criteria and yours...
AGT.- Yes...
VTR.- ... It will be important to support them beginning this month with extraordinary resources...
AGT.- Yes, my Gober
VTR.- I was thinking that all are not worth it and much less equal...
AGT.- Aha...
VTR.- I thought of giving 3,000 pesos to each one...
AGT.- Yes Gober...
VTR.- For example, I think there are municipalities where we already can't do anything...
AGT.- Okay...
VTR.- For example Cherán (a municipality of Purépecha Indians that supports the PRD party) that it's not worth it to lend a hand...
AGT.- Ha, ha, ha...
VTR.- Better then that we help somewhere else...
AGT.- Yes, okay...
VTR.- But I'm in a hurry to make sure that already my brigade goes delivering in what (party leader) Lopez Rangel is going to have...
AGT.- Sounds good...
VTR.- I'll talk to you later about anything else to do...
AGT.- Good...
VTR.- I also put you in charge of talking to Juan Benito (Coquet Ramos, ex secretary of Public Education and today state government secretary)
AGT.- Yes...
VTR.- ...And that he manage the information because already the $800,000 pesos that we are hiding is growing...
AGT.- You mean $800 million...
VTR.- Oh, pardon me, yes...
AGT.- Aha...
VTR.- Then it's inconvenient that this stays there, in the air
AGT.- Yes...
VTR.- He'll have to take out a newspaper ad detailing how each peso was invested
AGT.- Aha...
VTR.- ... and there's another part of this, the treasurer should give interviews...
AGT.- Yes...
VTR.- ...He will diminish this.
AGT.- Ah, good...
VTR.- Eh...
AGT.- Ah, good...
VTR.- Eh...
AGT.- Bueno...
VTR.- I leave you with this...
AGT.- ¿Are you going (the city of Lázaro Cárdenas) right now?
VTR.- Yes...
AGT.- Good, I'll take charge of this...
VTR.- I put you in charge...
AGT.- Good...
VTR.- So that I can be calm about this...
AGT.- Good, then there will be three points...
VTR.- Three points...
AGT.- Correct.
VTR.- Then now I see it all.
AGT.- I put you in charge.
VTR.- Forward, then.
AGT.- Thanks.

To listen to this conversation in Spanish, click...

96. Media Industry to Censor Citizen Complaints: The National Chamber of Radio and Television Industries (CIRT in its Spanish acronym) published a "Manual of Suggestions" to its members to censor live citizen call in shows before, during and immediately after the elections. Opposition parties criticized the Chamber, especially regarding the censorship after the vote, which muzzles citizen complaints of election fraud. Source: El Universal, July 1, 2000.

95. Bishop Samuel Ruíz denounces official blocks to complaints of election fraud: The recently retired Chiapas Bishop, 75, criticized the government rules for legally denouncing fraud, saying "It is impossible (for the citizen) to fulfill the required conditions for a legal complaint to be attended to and made valid, but we must not let this take away our faith." Source: El Universal, July 1, 2000.

94. In Tabasco PRI members in Cunduacán, in a caravan of 30 vehicles including two PEMEX (Mexican state-owned petroleum company) trucks with license plates VP22033 and VP22035, gave out vote-buying gifts with propaganda for the PRI. Source: El Universal, July 1, 2000.

93. In Morelos a trailer of the Federal Public Service, licence plate number 300CH6 was found distributing vote-buying gifts in Tlaquiltenango. The "dispensas" came from the houce of a PRI candidate at 8 a.m. on Friday. Source: El Universal, July 1, 2000.

92. Ballot already marked "Labastida" found in Sonora: In Obregón City, Sonoro, ballot number 119,251 of polling place 889 was found already marked for the PRI presidential candidate. It was discovered when a citizen saw a child carrying it in the street. Source: El Universal, July 1, 2000.

91. Second Civic Alliance Report Lists 288 legal complaints for fraud: 128 of pressures on voters by public officials and 90 in the use of social programs. "There is a high probability that all these crimes and irregularities will stay impune and that the complaints made will be disregarded." The majority of complaints come from the states of Mexico, Tabasco, Oaxaca and Hidalgo. Of the legal complaints, 237 (82%) are against abuses by the PRI, 7 by the PAN and 2 by the PRD. "We know of the existence of many other accusations received by other citizen groups, foreign visitors and the news media." Source: El Universal, July 1, 2000.

90. Residents of Mixistlan, Oaxaca were required to attend a PRI rally or face possible fines of 50 pesos apiece (two days wages). It was at this rally that 25-year-old construction worker Artemio Peréz yelled at PRI officials, ``Stop taking advantage of these people's poverty, stop manipulating them! You've never kept your promises!'' He was arrested for disturbing the peace and brought to jail, where he was not allowed to receive visits and was later reported dead. "He was murdered" said his mother. Source: Associated Press reporter Mark Stevenson, June 30, 2000.

89. Marked ballots, vote-buying gifts and illegal use of government vehicles in Campeche campaign: Federal Senator Layda Sansores revealed the discovery of "safe houses" in Ciudad de Carmen, Campeche, where vote-buying gifts, ballots and other election documents were being readied for use. The first house at 53rd street and 62nd street was entered by the senator and a group of "racoon hunters" (the racoon is the Mexican symbol of vote stealers) entered the house and found 7 women and 2 men filling bags with a kilo of sugar, another of rice, a liter of milk, to packs of pasta and a kilo of beans. The bag stuffers ran upon being discovered when Sansores yelled "This is the people's money from our taxes!" According to neighbors, the vote-buying gifts arrived at the house Tuesday night in a City Hall truck guarded by state police. Source: APRO News Agency, June 30, 2000.

88. "Vote Sorcery" plot in Puebla: The daily A.L. of Puebla (publishers of the photos of a ballot-box robbery on November 7, 1999) reports that inside of Puebla city hall exists "an electoral laboratory" in which ballots already marked for the PRI are given in advance to supporters, who, once having voted, bring their second and unmarked ballot -- the one supplied by legitimate election officials -- to PRI officials who will pay cash for the hidden ballot. The new ballots will then be marked for the PRI and clandestinely stuffed into the ballot boxes by other PRI voters. This operation also maintains a "cybernetic studio" to alter the counts of votes and number of voters upon the close of the polls. Source: A.L. de Puebla, June 30, 2000.

87. A letter to Narco News from PEMEX employees:

To whom it may concern,

I am a very good friend of a worker at Mexican Petroleum (in the Miguel Hidalgo Refinery in Tula, Hidalgo). My friend asked me to edit this document: She wishes to stay anonymous because of the fear of losing her job but testifies that the facts will be exposed here.

THEY ARE CERTAIN and also at my side while typing this letter are various workers of that plant.

The facts:

Some days before May 1 all the workers were asked to meet in the basketball court of the PEMEX Unity Housing Project.... at 3:00 in the morning to be transported to the Zocalo in Mexico City to support Zedillo, the PRI (and its candidate Labastida) and that they would be paid 300 pesos apiece plus transportation and food, and thus were given a day off with pay beforehand to rest.

Last Sunday the story repeated itself and they were "asked" to go to the Zocalo in the Capital to support Labastida and Guanga (singer Juan Gabriel) in exchange for 200 pesos apiece including for children.

The worst has just happened. They have said to the PEMEX workers in this refinery that on July 2nd before voting they should go to the offices of the petroleum workers union for voting ballots that will be given to each worker. They are ballots already marked in favor of Labastida. The workers have to change this ballot for the one they are given in the voting place. That is to say to introduce the already marked ballot in favor of the PRI into the ballot box and the original that they are given at the polls will be exchanged at the union office for 500 pesos.

We who are present ARE ALREADY TIRED of this NAUSEATING from in which they want to use us in favor of the PRI.... We invite the IMPARTIAL media in this country (we hope there are more than a few) to conduct an investigation of the theme in this section of the petroleum workers union and others. We have information that in ALL the union chapters this is happening.

Thank you for your attention.

Karen Guzman

and a group of petroleum workers in Section 35 who want a change in this country.

86. A "Chain of Bureaucrats" of the state government of Colima is preparing a fraud operation for July 2nd in this PRI controlled state, said PRD leaders. Government workers are being required to vote in favor of PRI candidates.
Source: APRO news service, June 29, 2000

85. Chihuahua governor, Patricio Martínez, of the PRI, disobeys call by IFE to stop pro-regime advertising in days before election. Source: Proceso, June 29, 2000.

84. The PRI government of the state of Yucatan delivered more than 800 washing machines to the population in recent weeks, charging about $12 US dollars for each one. Also in recent weeks were delivered manual grinding mills, water pumps, fumigators, water tanks, aluminum roof materials, work tools, barbed wire, hamaca-making materials and bicycles. Source: Reforma, June 19, 2000.

83. Fraud crosses state borders: The mayor of San Miguel Toyaltepec in the state of Oaxaca, Apolonio Bartolo Ronquillo, delivered to his counterparts in nearby Corral de Piedra in the state of Veracruz, 70,000 pesos "to guarantee the triumph" of the PRI in that community. Source: Reforma, June 29, 2000.

82. In Torreón, Coahuila the PRI is buying voter credentials. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

81. In Zacatecas, the PRI is buying voter credentials for 500 pesos and burning them. There are 30 "duly documented" legal complaints of this practice already in municipalities controlled by the PRI. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

80. In Tamaulipas, the PAN party is using government stationary to send propaganda to voters. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

79. The Six Billion Dollar Fraud: The Mexican Human Rights Academy reported that $6.6 billion US dollars in known expenditures already make the July 2, 2000 vote the most expensive election in world history. The group said that half these funds have been spent by the government and the PRI, and that most go to the Mexican TV networks to buy advertising. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

78. "Vote-buying" now extends to international election observers: The PRI party has invited foreign election observers to a plush office where they can have free use of phones, computers, fax, or "have a coffee" and meet "distinguished politicians of the party, ex-chancelors, ex-ambassadors, ex-consuls and very serious personalities of Mexico." A PAN spokesman reacted: "They want to do everything possible to put a distance between the people and the places where election fraud is possible." Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

NOTE: Send reports of behavior of international observers in Mexico, as well as any quotes made by "observers" before the election along the US State Department party line of "the elections will be clean" to:

Narco News: Observing the Observers

77. United Nations officials have received complaints from 65 citizen organizations of election fraud. Fritz M. Kreloj, a UN expert on elections, said he has received "severe" complaints of the buying and inducement of the vote, and that these accusations are especially evident in Chiapas. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

76. Survey reveals that impoverished voters don't believe their vote is secret: A poll taken by Alianza Cívica shows that 40 percent of all Mexicans believe that Progresa and other government social programs are of the PRI party. 11 percent believes that they must vote for a party or candidate in exchange for government benefits. 24 percent of the most impoverished voters have no confidence that their vote is secret or feel that it is known who they vote for in the ballot box. 4 percent of the population has received visits from government officials who have told them that in order to receive benefits from the government they must vote a certain way. "In the great majority of cases this action benefits the PRI." Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

75. Alianza Cívica documents that in Macuspana, Tabasco, the local PRI president is asking for voter credentials en exchange for promises of construction materials. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

74. In El Chalco in the State of Mexico "garbage collection workers of the city hall promise vote-buying gifts on the day of the elections for PRI voters, and offer to transport voters to the polls." Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

73. In Los Reyes-La Paz, Baja California Sur, drainage permits have been delivered in exchange for PRI votes, and in a preferential manner to known PRI sympathizers. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

72. Retired teachers in Mexico City have been offered by the pro-PRI teachers union $3,000 pesos apiece to vote for the PRI. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

71. In Tonalá, Chiapas, the mayor "obligated" city workers to attend a rally for the PRI gubernatorial candidate. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

70. PAN officials in Asientos, Calvillo, San Francisco and the state capital of Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes, asked for photocopies of voter credentials in exchange for vote-buying gifts. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

69. The PRI did the same in El Llano, Aguascalientes, where they govern. Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

68. Carter Center documents frauds: In its report "The July 2nd Elections in Mexico: a pre-electoral evaluation" the Carter Center said that the federal government uses the Programa de Educación, Salud y Alimentación (Progresa) as an instrument to coopt votes in favor of the PRI." The Carter Center also cited pressures against PEMEX workers and acknowledged many accusations of abuse of public funds, unfair media coverage and "high levels of suspicion of electoral fraud" that could lead to a situation in which "the results will not be accepted." Source: El Universal, June 29, 2000.

67. Secret Election Fraud Plan by Chiapas Governor Albores Revealed by Document: The daily Milenio revealed that the 23,454 state employees will be "induced" by "direct" or "indirect" means to vote for Labastida and the PRI. The confidential document unearthed by the daily also revealed a massive "tamale operation" for the morning of July 2nd in which voters will be fed breakfast and hauled to the polls in groups by PRI leaders. Source: Milenio, June 28, 2000.

66. More evidences of Fox campaign money-laundering: "Federal deputy Miguel Quiroz revealed that now money is passing through the Frugosa company and follows a chain of diverse names until coming into the hands of Carlota Robinson, who deposits it into a Bancomer account of the Amigos de Fox organization...Quiroz announced that there is already an investigation in the United States over $30 million dollars, funds that probably are the product of drug trafficking." Source: El Universal, June 28, 2000.

65. "Reports from Guerrero State this week indicate that Mexican army troops have set up camps outside villages sympathetic to the PRD, preventing activists from campaigning." Source: Irish Times, June 28, 2000.

64. PRD documents 174 cases of illegal vote-buying in 15 Mexican states. "They are illegally using funds, goods and services at the disposition of Progresa officials...threatening the recipients to get them to promise to vote for the PRI or be excluded from the subsidies," said party chairman Amalia García. Thirty-two of the evidences come from Chiapas, 28 from Sinaloa, and 15 apiece in Michoacán and México states. In Chiapas, Progresa officials were caught in the act in Arriaga, Tonalá, Pijijiapan, Motozintla, Chiapa de Corzo, Cintalapa and Jiquilpas. Source: La Jornada, June 28, 2000.

63. In San Juan Chamula, charged the PRD complaint, the Progresa director not only withheld funds to pressure the vote, but also obligated women suspected of being with the PRD party to be injected with birth-control medication. Source: La Jornada, June 28, 2000.

62. Alianza Cívica denounced that on May 22nd in Mazatán, Chiapas, the director of the Progresa program, Idalia Victoria, noted the names and voter ID numbers in a PRI notebook of program recipients who promised to vote for Labastida and the PRI gubernatorial candidate Sami David David. Source: Reforma, June 23, 2000.

61. The Citizen Democracy Movement charged that in Chiapas and Oaxaca public servants at all three levels of government (local, state and federal) were using social programs with electoral ends. "In Oaxaca they offer 250 pesos per vote and intimidate the population that if they don't vote for the candidates of the PRI they will lose government program support." Source: Reforma, June 23, 2000.

60. Coercion in Guerrero: Opposition leaders furnished photographs of PRI leaders in Mixtecapa unloading vehicles filled with vote-buying gifts to impoverished voters. Source: Reforma, June 23, 2000.

59. In Tierra Colorada, Guerrero, while handing out vote-buying gifts, officials threatened townspeople that peasant farmer support programs of Procampo and Progresa will be taken away if the town doesn't support the PRI. Source: Reforma, June 23, 2000.

58. More Coercion in Guerrero: At the PRI city hall in San Luis Acatlán, fertilizer and other vote-buying gifts are being doled out on the condition that recipients vote for the PRI on July 2nd. Source: Reforma, June 23, 2000.

57. Still more in Guerrero: In Tecpan de Galeana, the PRI Mayor Sandra Ocampo distributed vote-buying gifts, roofing materials and used clothing to voters identified as PRI backers. Source: Reforma, June 23, 2000.

56. Federal health officials in Morelia, capital of Michoacan, are working for the PRI in their official work hours, denounced the PAN. IMSS employee Mariá del Pilar Sánchez has been working in the PRI campaign office since June 12, but still checking her time card at the federal agency. The PAN also revealed audiotapes of government employees campaigning from their offices. Source: Reforma, June 23, 2000.

55. More than 30 tons of vote-buying gifts were discovered as they were unloaded at the PRI Youth Brigade office in Nezahualcóyotl, in the state of Mexico. Source: El Universal, June 28, 2000.

54. In the poor Guadalajara neighborhood of Tlajomulco, PRI officials handed out stacks of tortillas wrapped in Labastida campaign logos. Between 100 and 200 kilos were distributed door to door. Source: Reforma, June 28, 2000.

53. In Guadalajara, parents escorting their children from school encountered a PRI congressional candidate Josefina González and her campaigners offering free Spanish-English dictionaries and other books to the children but only if the parents were willing to let them write down their name, address, voter credential number and other information. In nearby neighborhoods, PRI officials visited homes offering $250 pesos with the books in exchange for letting the party officials write down the voter credential numbers. Source: Reforma, June 28, 2000

52. Foreign TV blackout: The television networks TVE and Antena 3 of Spain, and TV Chile of South America, were abruptly taken off the air "until after the elections." The private TV company Directv denied any relation to the vote, saying that the signals from the host countries of five networks "failed at their origen." But the technical supervisor of TV Chile, in a telephone interview, said his channel had no failures and was sending the signal to four continents without problem. Spokespersons of Antena 3 and Preuss in Spain said the same and indicated their surprise that their signals were down. Source: Reforma June 28, 2000.

51. Reforma newspaper received documents that demonstrate coercion of the 7,000 employees at the state owned petroleum PEMEX refinery in Cadereyta, in which they were oblicated to present a PRI party membership credential to be contracted for work. Source: Reforma, June 28, 2000.

50. In Monterrey, employees of the state-owned Petroleum company PEMEX denounced coercion of their votes as conditional to keeping their jobs. Temporary workers were obligated to attend PRI campaign meetings and make financial contributions to the ruling party. Source: Reforma, June 28, 2000.

49. "The PRI paid 30,000 indigenous Otomis 100 pesos each (about $10 usd) plus t-shirts and caps to come to a Labastida rally for which they provided transportation in 950 buses. The PRD and the PAN also use government funds and facilities in the districts they control." Source: Journalist Jules Seigel, June 27, 2000.

48. Amnesty International denounced acts of "physical and psychological torture" in rural Mexico to coerce voters. Source: Panorama Detrás, June 27, 2000.

47. In Chiapas, PAN and PRD legislators filed legal complaints of election crimes before the Attorney General against municipal governments headed by the PRI for dispensing resources to support the campaign of Labastida. Source: El Universal, June 27, 2000.

46. Media bias in favor of the PRI is more extreme in poor states and regions, reported the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) on June 26th. Source: El Universal, June 27, 2000.

45. A peasant farmer in Oaxaca, Artemio Antonio Pérez, was detained after criticizing a local PRI leader, and later found dead in the municipal jail. Authorities claimed it was a suicide. The Mexican chapter of Amnesty International and the National Network "All Rights for Everyone" denounced the arrest and suspicious death and reported that they have documented vote-buying, coercion and extreme punishment against citizens who excersize the right to free expression. Source: El Universal, June 27, 2000.

44. In the violence torn state of Guerrero, former governor Rubén Figueroa, responsible for the massacres of Aguas Blancas and El Charco, and engineer of the 1999 electoral fraud in that state, appeared at a June 26 campaign rally with PRI candidate Labastida. In this state where 30 opposition leaders have been assassinated -- including one PRD congressional candidate two weeks ago -- Figueroa's public appearance with the PRI standard bearer was considered by many as an act of intimidation against the opposition. Source: El Universal, June 27, 2000.

43. PRD Senate candidate Silverio Aureoles discovered a warehouse in Zitácuaro, Michoacan with construction materials, sewing machines and other vote-buying gifts sporting the PRI logo. The PRD filed an official complaint with the IFE. Source: Proceso, June 27, 2000.

42. PRI federal Senator Eduardo Andrade admitted in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz that federal programs like Progresa are manipulated by the PRI with electoral ends, but said "it's not only the PRI that does it," saying that the PAN and PRD do the same in cities and towns where they govern. Source: El Universal, June 26, 2000.

41. More than 1,500 Federal Treasury Department employees in Mexico City were forced to attend a June 19 Labastida campaign meeting and told that each one must recruit ten more votes apiece for the PRI presidential candidate. Source: El Universal, June 26, 2000.

40. Zedillo's best friend passes the plate in public health program of Baja California. IMSS delegate Aureliano Cruz Monreal surprised non-unionized workers and doctors with an invitation to eat at La Misión Dragón restaurant in Mexicali. Almost at the end of the meal, the compadre of President Ernesto Zedillo stood up and asked the attendees to commit their vote for Labastida and to donate funds for the campaign of the PRI candidate. Source: Proceso magazine, June 25, 2000.

39. Researcher Sergio Aguayo of the Colegio de México reported: "The more that the Federal Elections Institute (IFE) and the government speak of clean elections, the less they will be considered with the virginal pureness that they want, because we already have begun to see vote-buying, coercion of voters, excessive campaign spending and parciality in the mass media." Source: El Universal, June 25, 2000.

38. Confidential IFE document reveals "grave obstacles for voting in Chiapas." Proceso magazine obtained a copy. It said: "The over-militarization of these zones and the presence of armed groups could inhibit the right to a free vote and cause a high grade of abstention. The document was titled "Strictly Confidential." Source: Proceso, June 25, 2000.

37. Petroleum workers in Villahermosa, Tabasco ordered to provide lists of 30 family members and others who will vote for the PRI. "Whoever doesn't comply will be fired." Source: La Jornada, based on report by Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

36. Federal Public Welfare employees in Mexico city were obligated to attend a PRI-Labastida campaign meeting, and each ordered to deliver a list of 200 persons committed to vote for Labastida. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

35. In impoverished city of El Chalco in the state of Mexico taxi drivers, store owners and residents were threatened that their work permits and student grants for children will be revoked if they don't deliver their voter ID numbers and sign an oath to vote for the PRI. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

34. In Hidalgo, peasant farmers were threatened that their social benefits will be taken away if they don't promise to vote for the PRI. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

33. In Jalisco, the farmer's program Procampo only gave grants and money to those who demonstrated that they are in favor of the PRI. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

32. In 28 municipalities of Puebla, the PRI offered furniture, grants, pavement and social programs to all who promise to vote for Labastida. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

31. In Oaxaca, PRI leaders intimidated indigenous populations sayind "we're going to be watching you the day of the election" and if Labastida loses there will be "reprisals." Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

30. In the mountains of Querétaro, PRI officials told peasants "If the PAN wins the Progresa program will be canceled and there will be a coup d'etat." Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

29. In Sinaloa they were also told "If Labastida loses, you will be left without the Progresa program." Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

28. In Tabasco, representatives of Roberto Madrazo obligated tenants of public housing to take down PRD posters and that to fail to do so "we will have to take your houses away." Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

27. In Veracruz, road workers had their voter credentials confiscated and were told they would only be paid if the PRI won the elections. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

26. In many Mexico City neighborhoods, in El Chalco and Naucalpan of the state of Mexico, in Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tabasco and Aguascalientes, PRI leaders are going from house to house asking for photocopies of voter credentials as a requirement for receiving vote-buying gifts. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

25. In Monterrey, election authorities appointed by the PAN party replaced 413 poll workers (supposed to be impartial) with members of known PAN families. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

24. In Tamaulipas, PAN officials in poor neighborhoods delivered 300 peso "bonuses" interchangeable for food to those who commit to vote for Fox. The same practice has been documented in PAN-governed cities of Guanajuato and Aguascalientes. Source: La Jornada, Alianza Cívica, June 24, 2000.

23. In Durango, PRI doled out 20,000 vote-buying packages: $36,000 US dollars worth of beans, flour, cooking oil, pasta, rice and other basic necessities. Source: El Universal, June 24, 2000.

22. Election Commissioner Juan Molinar Horcasitas, during a meeting of the IFE, charged "the news coverage on radio and television is far from being fair." Commissioner Jacqueline Peschard presented the final monitoring report of media coverage from May 7 to June 3. The documents establish that the PRI received 39% of TV and 38% of radio coverage, as opposed to PAN (26% TV, 31% radio) and PRD (19% of TV and radio coverage). Minor parties received 7%. Source: El Universal, June 24, 2000.

21. Catholic Church qualifies election process as "immoral and illigitimate," noting use of public resources for "coercion, inducement and vote-buying." The Episcopal Commission of Social Work denounced "grave signs in the electoral process, that although in some aspects might be legal, is illigitimate and immoral for the conditions under which it is developing." Source: Europe Press, June 21, 2000.

20. PAN Senator Francisco Molina Ruiz revealed evidences of "millions of pesos from federal resources and drug trafficking are use to buy the vote for the PRI," including the discovery in Juárez City, Chihuahua of a shipment of marijuana together with PRI-Labastida campaign literature. Source: Proceso, June 22, 2000.

19. PRI's Manuel Bartlett says "The federal government's social programs are PRI programs and we are going to use them to win the presidency." Source: Proceso, June 22, 2000.

(Original format below has longer reports in Spanish and English)

 Contaduría de Irregularidades en la campaña hacia 2 de julio 2000

18.Tabasco y el Estado de México aún no suspenden la publicidad gubernamental

México, D.F.- Los gobiernos priístas de Tabasco y el Estado de México todavía no suspenden la publicidad gubernamental que por ley debieron haber detenido desde el lunes.

Por lo que respecta a los gobiernos estatales que encabezan el Partido de la Revolución Democrática y el Partido Acción Nacional, cinco de ellos ya han respondido a la convocatoria del Instituto Federal Electoral de suspender la publicidad gubernamental 30 días antes de la elección.

Los estados que informaron que suspenderán su publicidad son Querétaro, Aguascalientes, Nuevo León, Baja California y Baja California Sur.

Por su parte, los estados de Jalisco y Guanajuato condicionaron su respuesta a lo que hagan otras entidades al respecto.

Suspendieron ya su publicidad el Distrito Federal, Tlaxcala y Zacatecas, en tanto que Nayarit no ha respondido aún.

A su vez, la Presidencia de la República no había respondido hasta el lunes a la solicitud de suspender la publicidad y contribuir con ello a una mayor equidad en la competencia electoral.

Fuente: Notimex, 12 junio 2000

17. Documentan 26 casos de uso del erario con fines electorales, la mayoría por parte del PRI

Veracruz, Ver.- La comisión de la Cámara de Diputados federal encargada de vigilar que no se desvíen recursos públicos con fines electorales ha documentado hasta el momento 26 denuncias por utilización del erario con dichos propósitos, informó el diputado federal y miembro de esa comisión Armando Aguirre Hervis, y agregó que la mayoría de las demandas son contra funcionarios priístas.

Los estados en donde se han reportado más anomalías, aseveró el legislador perredista, son Puebla, Chiapas, Tabasco, Veracruz y Yucatán, entidades gobernadas por el PRI.

Fuente: Notimex, 12 junio 2000

16. Preven Fraude Cibernético el 2 de julio

Observadores electorales universitarios denunciaron ante el Parlamento de Derechos Humanos, que el Centro de Cómputo de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) ''será utilizado para practicar fraude electoral cibernético en las elecciones del 2 de julio'', y con tal fin, ''se hacen preparativos para que nuevamente sea ocupada militarmente la Ciudad Universitaria, por lo que serán desalojados los estudiantes y maestros, y ya sin testigos, introducir fraudulentamente votos al sistema del Instituto Federal Electoral (IFE)''.

Fuente: La Jornada, May 28, 2000

15. Zedillo Visit Prompts Questions of Fujimori-style Electoral Fraud

Zedillo's complacency over OAS's stonewalling reaction to Fujimori vote-rigging suggests that his party may be persuaded to resort to comparable techniques in the upcoming July 2 presidential ballot

Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo's visit to the United States, whose real purpose, if not stated intentionally, is to inspire support and legitimacy for his PRI and its candidate, Francisco Labastida, occurs against a backdrop of the just concluded OAS's 30th general assembly meeting in Windsor, Canada

Implicit Support of Fujimori could be a Source of Inspiration for Mexican Elections

Source: Center On Hemispheric Affairs, June 9, 2000

14. En Chiapas, docenas de irregularidades priístas

Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chis.- Encabezada por el gobernador Roberto Albores, la maquinaria oficial está en marcha para que en Chiapas gane Francisco Labastida Ochoa. Y para esto no se escatiman recursos ni se guardan las apariencias. Por ello, las denuncias de irregularidades se cuentan por docenas. La Comisión Especial de la Cámara de Diputados encargada de vigilar que no se desvíen recursos públicos federales en el proceso electoral, ha documentado en Chiapas el uso de Progresa, Procampo, Empleo Temporal, Alianza para el Campo, Liconsa y Subsidio a la Tortilla, para tratar de condicionar el voto a favor del PRI.

Fuente: Julio César López e Isaín Mandujano. revista Proceso, 18 junio 2000

13. Crecientes dudas sobre el proceso electoral, y el IFE se deslinda

Conforme se acerca el 2 de julio, las dudas sobre la calidad del proceso electoral se multiplican.

Proliferan denuncias de compra y coacción del voto, irregularidades en la designación de funcionarios de casilla, iniquidad de las campañas en los medios de comunicación, desvío de recursos públicos con fines electorales... A tal punto ha crecido la preocupación, que Alianza Cívica (AC) solicitó el miércoles 7, en una carta enviada al Consejo General del Instituto Federal Electoral (IFE), "respuestas claras con relación a los problemas identificados a lo largo del proceso electoral", pero hasta el viernes 16 no había tenido contestación oficial....

Fuente: Guillermo Correa y Álvaro Delgado, revista Proceso, 18 junio 2000

12. Demasiados Boletos en Taxco

IGUALA, Gro. Mientras dirigentes perredistas en Estados Unidos se quejan por la falta de boletas electorales -en las casillas especiales que se instalarán en la frontera para que voten los mexicanos residentes en ese país-, el líder estatal del PRD, René Lobato Ramírez, denunció que en el distrito dos, con cabecera en el vecino municipio de Taxco, existen graves irregularidades como el excedente de boletas.

...agregó que "nos parece muy extraño que haya llegado esa cantidad sobrante de boletas y los integrantes del órgano electoral no hayan decidido su cancelación o la devolución de las mismas; no podemos ir a esta elección con la amenaza de 12 mil 37 boletas que están almacenadas en algún lugar y por ahí pudieran surgir a la hora irregularidades graves".

Fuente: El Universal, 19 junio 2000

11. Recursos Públicos y Presiones en Guerrero

IGUALA, Gro.- El ex priísta y ex secretario general de Gobierno en Guerrero, Florencio Salazar Adame, (coordinador de PAN) afirmó que en la entidad existe una "grosera manipulación de recursos públicos" para presionar a la gente y que vote por el PRI...

Agregó que es una campaña "infructuosa, porque lo que están haciendo es que se pierda la pulcritud en el proceso electoral, que haya una grosera manipulación de recursos públicos para presionar por un voto que el pueblo ya no le quiere dar al PRI..."

Fuente: El Universal, 19 junio 2000

10. Documento del PRI revela operativo de acarreo

El operativo para ganar las elecciones sin el voto libre ha comenzado en el PRI. Indicador Político tuvo acceso a una parte de ese operativo para las elecciones presidenciales y legislativas en el estado de México, aunque, confirmaron algunas fuentes, es el mismo que estará en marcha en todo el país:

-- Los objetivos de la operación electoral serán: "asegurar la presencia de nuestros representantes ante la mesa directiva en cada casilla, en las secciones electorales que incluyen en esta estrategia.
-- "Una vez que ya se cuenta con la identificación de secciones y casillas que presentan las características propias de rentabilidad electoral a nuestro favor y aprovechando que en estos tiempos se está llevando a cabo la validación de la estructura electoral , se seleccionará a un representante de cada una de estas casillas que cumpla con el perfil adecuado para estas tareas".

-- El representante de casilla por el PRI formará parte de este programa especial como operador de casilla . Tendrá capacitación especial para estas actividades.

"...un domingo antes del día de la jornada... se invitará a los 50 votantes comprometidos a un domicilio cercano a donde se instalará la casilla". Se les agradecerá a las personas su asistencia "y se obsequiarán utilitarios y propaganda " (ya ilegal para esas fechas) para que ellos también se conviertan en promotores con sus vecinos,

--" el día 2 de julio a las 7:00 horas... se les ofrecerá un pequeño refrigerio para trasladarse antes de las 8:00 horas a la casilla a emitir su voto".

-- "Una vez concluido este paso, retomará su posición como representante de casilla".

-- El día del simulacro, el domingo 25 de junio, se les proporcionará 250 pesos para gastos de refrigerio del 2 de julio y se les entregarán los utilitarios para los 50 votantes comprometidos que asistan a la casilla. Una vez comprobada la operatividad del programa con el registro de votos por el PRI, se les apoyará con 750 pesos restantes.

-- el 15 de junio se les dará mil 500 pesos a cada uno para sus labores de campo. El 1 de julio se les entregará mil pesos para operar el 2 de julio. Después de las elecciones se les asignará 500 pesos extra.

-- La cuenta para una célula de operación electoral a nivel municipal en el estado de México da el total de 1 millón 301 mil pesos.

-- "Habrá reclamos de algunos presidentes de sección por considerar que no se incluyeron en este programa y que se puedan comprometer a llevarlo a cabo, por lo que con el remanente de un millón y medio de pesos se cubrirá lo adicional".

De acuerdo con la información entregada a Indicador Político , las secciones a operar en "el programa uno por 50 " están localizadas en los distritos locales mexiquenses XVII, XXII, XXIX y XXX, aunque como modelo de aplicación similar en muchos otros del país.

Fuente: Indicador Político, 19 junio 2000

9. Denuncian en Puebla desvío de fondos a favor del PRI

PUEBLA -- La Alianza por México presentó diez denuncias ante la delegación de la Procuraduría General de la República en esta entidad, por los delitos de desvío de recursos públicos.

...las denuncias se señalan a dependencias como Liconsa y la Secretaría de Desarrollo Social, así como algunos ayuntamientos con autoridades Priista

Indicó que en los próximos días las denuncias podrían sumar 150, pues se presume que Puebla es el quinto estado del país con más casos de desvíos de recursos hacía el partido oficial.

Fuente: La Jornada de Oriente, 16 junio 2000

8. Ex-comisionado de elecciones Ortiz Pinchetti advierte del fraude

El PRI y el presidente Zedillo no deberían sorprenderse por la resistencia de los opositores y de gran parte del pueblo a creer en la transparencia electoral.

Las operaciones de compra y coacción del voto, la presión sobre los funcionarios y empleados públicos para que voten por el PRI, el desvío de recursos, las maniobras para provocar temores en la población, se están multiplicando.

Los medios electrónicos, que habían mostrado cierta apertura al iniciar el proceso, tienen una posición cada vez más tendenciosa a favor del PRI y de sus candidatos. En estas condiciones la pretensión de voceros oficiales y escritores oficialistas de que los resultados tendrán que ser acatados sin discusión por los opositores es levemente mal intencionada.

La inclusión en el equipo electoral de Labastida de personajes vinculados con los fraudes electorales resulta amenazante. Lo es también la negativa del PRI de permitir una investigación a fondo sobre la estructura financiera de la campaña de Labastida a pesar de que el PAN y Fox habían aceptado un escrutinio semejante de sus propios recursos...

Fuente: La Jornada, columna de José Agustín Ortiz Pinchetti, 18 junio 2000

7. Mexico's PRI-aligned teachers' union to deploy 25,000 election observers

MEXICO CITY -- A move by Mexico's teachers' union to register 25,000 of its members as electoral observers for the upcoming presidential election drew a complaint Friday by a civil rights group, on the grounds that the union openly backs the ruling party candidate.

The complaint came as international observers reported electoral irregularities ahead of the July 2 vote, mainly by the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

The National Union of Education Employees (SNTE)... openly supports PRI presidential candidate Francisco Labastida, an ex-interior minister and former state governor of Sinaloa.

"We are concerned over the presence of the teachers as a coercion factor," said Hugo Almada of the Civic Alliance group, which is itself monitoring the vote independently.

"It is likely (the teachers) will talk to voters and even might exercise some kind of pressure," he told AFP...

Many political analysts say that vote-rigging, ballot-buying and intimidation of voters have played a key role in ensuring the PRI's record longevity.
Almada said it appeared there was more vote-buying and coercion of voters this year than there had been in 1997 congressional elections.

He expressed particular concern over the teachers' role in 'Progresa', a massive government spending program to help the country's 40 million poor, which observers say has been used in some cases to influence the vote.

"People are told that if they do not vote for the PRI, or if the PRI does not win, they will lose the public assistance program," said Almada.

Under Progresa, for example, families of school children are eligible for aid, conditional on the child's performance.

If a teacher finds fault with a child, he or she can cause the suspension of school aid given to his family, for whom this "often means the difference between eating or not eating," said Almada.

Fuente: Agencía Francés de Prensa (AFP) 16 junio

6. IFE no hace su trabajo

El Partido Acción Nacional (PAN) exigió al Instituto Federal Electoral (IFE) intervenir y en su caso sancionar a los responsables de la utilización de recursos públicos en favor del PRI. El representante del PAN ante el órgano electoral, Germán Martínez Cázares, aseguró que ese uso electoral y la presión a los servidores públicos en dependencias como la Secretaría de Energía y de Gobernación, así como en Petróleos Mexicanos, "está siendo escandaloso".

Apuntó que el IFE tiene el compromiso de garantizar un voto en condiciones de libertad "y no puede quedarse chiflando en la loma".

Martínez Cázares subrayó que el instituto no puede limitarse a colocar mamparas y cortinas para evitar la coacción el día de los comicios; "me parece hasta ridículo que a eso se limite la actividad del IFE".

Criticó que el propio presidente Ernesto Zedillo esté alterando las condiciones de equidad de la contienda al negarse a suspender la publicidad del gobierno en medio de la contienda política.

Según Martínez Cázares su partido documentó un caso grave de desvío de recursos en favor del PRI por parte del gobierno de Roberto Albores en Chiapas, pero la PGR se mantiene pasiva.

Asimismo, el representante panista expresó que él mismo presentó ante la PGR una denuncia en contra del ex gobernador de Puebla, Manuel Bartlett Díaz, para que el priísta ratifique sus declaraciones de que los programas públicos sirven para garantizar el triunfo del PRI y sus candidatos. El representante del PAN acusó al agente del Ministerio Público, David Martínez Soto, quien recibió esta denuncia de estar actuando más como abogado de Bartlett que como fiscal de delitos electorales.

Fuente: Reforma, 17 junio 2000

5. Más preubas de PEMEX electorero

Una investigación realizada por REFORMA confirmó que las instrucciones a funcionarios de Pemex promotores del voto por el PRI fueron enviadas desde la extensión 53100 de la red telefónica interna de la paraestatal.

Las instrucciones, de las cuales se tiene copia, piden que los funcionarios recluten a posibles votantes y remitan la lista a una dirección de correo electrónico "acueducto13", password "labastida", ubicada en la dirección:

REFORMA accesó a dicha dirección y comprobó que ahí llegan los reportes de los promotores de voto de Pemex con listados de empleados de la paraestatal que serían invitados a votar por el PRI.

4. Detallan plan de Pemex para apoyar a PRI

Villahermosa.-Un día después de haberse opuesto a continuar con el proselitismo entre funcionarios de Pemex a favor de Francisco Labastida, Ramiro Berrón denunció que recibió órdenes de la dirección general, en horario de trabajo, y advirtió que la encomienda electoral para esa paraestatal significa necesariamente utilizar recursos públicos.

"Tenemos un fax, en el que claramente denota que la instrucción (de promoción de Labastida) fue dada por la Dirección general de PEP, en horarios de oficina", apuntó.

Ramiro Berrón, quien es coordinador técnico de la región sur de PEP, también mostró las directrices y el organigrama, en forma de pirámide, en el que de mandos superiores a medios desglosarían la promoción hasta sumar más de 2 mil 400 simpatizantes a favor de Labastida, en 10 días.

"Dos mil 500 personas deberán ser enlistadas en menos de diez días, que deberán ser motivadas en tan poco tiempo, implica que debe de haber una actitud muy fuerte para la coacción del voto.

"Nos están obligando a que utilizamos recursos de la empresa, a que la persona no haga ingeniería, sino que haga promoción en horarios de trabajo; a que utilicemos salas de junta, teléfonos de la empresa, a que no destinemos los recursos para lo que son, principalmente el recurso humano", advirtió.

Fuente: Reforma, 16 junio 2000

3. Dispensas hallados en Durango

DURANGO, Dgo.- La tensión política llegó ayer a su cima en la capital del estado, luego de que el frente opositor integrado por el PAN, PT y PRD descubrieron la tarde del jueves -en un predio- cerca de 10 mil despensas que los candidatos del PRI distribuirían en los próximos días. En el corralón se encontraron también varias camionetas del Instituto Estatal Electoral. El hallazgo del Frente Opositor vino a tensar más el ambiente electoral, al involucrar al Instituto Estatal Electoral de estar en contubernio con el PRI en la repartición de por lo menos 10 mil despensas. Ayer por la mañana el propietario del inmueble presentó denuncia penal por allanamiento de morada; el PRI responsabilizó a los opositores de posible violencia; el frente ofrece recompensa a quien informe sobre más bodegas donde haya despensas.

Fuente: El Universal, 17 abril 2000

2. Insuficientes las boletas a la frontera

LOS ÁNGELES.- Existe la seguridad de que no habrá suficientes boletas en las casillas especiales instaladas en Tijuana por parte de los grupos partidistas de oposición en Los Ángeles, que están organizando las caravanas de mexicanos que cruzarán la frontera para ejercer su derecho al voto en las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio.

Mientras miembros del Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD) en Los Ángeles expresaron su seguridad de que no habrá suficientes boletas para el número de votantes mexicanos que radican en Estados Unidos, la organización en favor del candidato Vicente Fox, Inmigrantes Mexicanos por el Cambio (Mimexca), manifestaron el mismo temor y se quejaron que el IFE no les ha informado sobre la localización exacta de dónde se van a encontrar la casillas especiales.

El perredista José Jacques Medina, residente de Los Ángeles... afirmó que con toda seguridad las 15 casillas instaladas en Tijuana con 750 boletas cada una no serán suficientes para los connacionales que "más que nunca quieren votar".

El representante del PRD Felipe Aguirre afirmó que la agrupación partidista está lista para llevar una caravana de votantes a la frontera, la cual partirá del estado de Washington el 25 de junio y llegará a Los Ángeles el 1 de julio para continuar su viaje a la frontera.

La caballada de 20 jinetes perredistas que se inicia en Funnysyde, Washington... a lo largo del trayecto se les irán uniendo más personas a caballo por lo que estimó "cuando lleguemos a Tijuana vamos a ser unos 2 mil a caballo".

Fuente: El Universal, 17 junio 2000


1. Oaxaca: Entrega de títulos de propiedad

La dirigente nacional del Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD), Amalia García, acusó a gobernadores del PRI de hacer campaña y entregar obra pública a nombre de ese instituto político y aseguró que tiene documentada la entrega de títulos de propiedad que a nombre del PRI hizo el gobernador de esta entidad, José Murat.

Fuente: Notimex, 17 junio, 2000


Más Reportajes Ya Han Llegado a Narco News Y Vendrán a Este Espacio Próximamente

Otros Sitios:

Informe de Global Exchange y Alianza Cívica (en español)

Washington Office on Latin America (boletín en inglés)

Archivos de Narco-Notícias

Narco News Primera Plana de Hoy

 Accounting of irregularities in the campaign leading to July 2, 2000

18. Tabasco and the state of Mexico still haven't suspended government publicity

MEXICO CITY: The PRI governments of Tabasco and the State of Mexico still have not suspended governmental publicity that according to law should have been stopped on Monday.

With respect to the state governments headed by the PRD and PAN parties, five of them have already responded to the call by the Federal Elections Institute to suspend government publicity 30 days before the election.

The states that informed they will suspend their publicity are Querétaro, Aguascalientes, Nuevo León, Baja California and Baja California Sur.

For their part the (PAN governed) states of Jalisco and Guanajuato conditioned their response on what the others states do.

Mexico City, Tlaxcala and Zacatecas have already suspended their publicity. Nayarit still has not responded.

On its end, the President of the Republic has not responded to the request to suspend publicity and contribute with that a better fairness in the election contest.

Source: Notimex, June 12, 2000

17. 26 cases of use of public funds for electoral goals, the majority by the PRI

VERACRUZ: The House of Representatives Commission charged with monitoring that public resources are not diverted with electoral goals has documented up until now 26 charges of using the budget with these ends, said federal deputy Armando Aguirre Hervis, member of the commission. He said the majority of the charges are against PRI officials.

The states where the most anomalies have been reported, said the PRD legislator, are Puebla, Chiapas, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatán, entities governed by the PRI.

Source: Notimex, June 12, 2000

16. Cyber-Fraude Predicted for July 2nd

Electoral Observers at the National University denounced to the Human Rights Parliament that the Computer Center of the National Autonomous University of Mexico "will be utilized to practice cybernetic electoral fraud in the elections of July 2nd. To this end "plans are being made for the University City to be newly occupied militarily so that students and teachers can be removed and without witnesses votes will be introduced fraudulently to the system of the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE)."

Source: La Jornada, May 28, 2000

15. Zedillo Visit Prompts Questions of Fujimori-style Electoral Fraud

Zedillo's complacency over OAS's stonewalling reaction to Fujimori vote-rigging suggests that his party may be persuaded to resort to comparable techniques in the upcoming July 2 presidential ballot

Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo's visit to the United States, whose real purpose, if not stated intentionally, is to inspire support and legitimacy for his PRI and its candidate, Francisco Labastida, occurs against a backdrop of the just concluded OAS's 30th general assembly meeting in Windsor, Canada

Implicit Support of Fujimori could be a Source of Inspiration for Mexican Elections

Source: Center On Hemispheric Affairs, June 9, 2000

14. In Chiapas, dozens of PRI irregularities

Tuxtla Gutiérrez, CHIAPAS: Headed by Governor Roberto Albores, the official machine is march so that Francisco Labastida Ochoa wins Chiapas. And for this resources are not spared nor are they guarding appearances.

The charges of irregularities count in the dozens. The House of Representatives Special Commission charged with monitoring that federal public resources are not used in the election process have documented in Chiapas the use of programs including Progresa, Procampo, Temporary Employment, Farmers Alliance, Liconsa and Tortilla Subsidies to try and condition the vote in favor of the PRI.

Source: Julio César López and Isaín Mandujano, Proceso Magazine, June 18, 2000

13. Growing doubts about the Electoral Process and the Federal Elections Institute Acts Slippery

As July 2nd grows closer, the doubts about the quality of the electoral process are multiplying. Charges of vote-buying and pressures on voters, irregularities in designating polling officials, inequality in the media coverage of campaigns, detour of public resources with electoral goals... The concern has grown to such a point that Alianza Cívica solicited on Wednesday June 7th, in a letters sent to the board of the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) "clear responses related to the identified problems in the electoral process," but as of Friday the 16th, there had been no official response.

Source: Guillermo Correa and Alvaro Delgado, Proceso Magazine, June 18, 2000

12. Too Many Ballots in Taxco

IGUALA, GERRERO: While PRD leaders in the United States complain about the lack of electoral ballots in the special polling places that will be installed at the border for Mexican residents of that country, the state leader of the PRD in Guerrero, René Lobato Ramírez, denounced that in the second district, with its seat in the municipality of Taxco, there are grave irregularities such as an excess of ballots.

He said that "it seems to us very strange that this leftover quantity of ballots arrived and the members of the election commission have not decided to cancel them or return them to themselves. We cannot go into the election with the threat of 12,037 ballots that are stored in some place from there can surge at the hour of the vote grave irregularities."

Source: El Universal, 19 June 2000

11. Public Resources and Pressures in Guerrero

IGUALA, GUERRERO: The ex-PRI member and ex government secretary in Guerrero, Florencio Salazar Adame (PAN coordinator), affirmed that in this state exists "a gross manipulation of public resources" to pressure people to vote for the PRI...

He said that it is a campaign that is "fruitless because what they are making is lost in the neatness of the the electoral process, that there is a gross manipulation of public resources to pressure a vote that the people already don't want to give to the PRI..."

Source: El Universal, June 19 2000

10. PRI document reveals vote-hauling operation

The operation to win the elections without a free vote has begun in the PRI. Indicador Político obtained access to part of this operation for the presidential and legislative elections in the State of Mexico, although, various sources confirmed, that the same program is in march throughout the country:

-- The objectives of the electoral operation (include)... "to assure the presence of our representatives to each polling place in the electoral sections that include this strategy."

-- "Once the representative counts with the identification of sections and polling places that present the proper characteristics of electoral rentability in our favor and taking advantage that in these hours they are still validating the electoral structure, a representative of each one of these polling places will be selected who complies with the proper profile for these tasks."

-- The PRI polling place representative will form part of this special program as the operator of the polling place. He will have special training for these activities.

-- "On the Sunday before the vote...50 confirmed voters will be invited to a house near the polling place." They will be thanked for their attendance "and given gifts and propaganda" (already illegal by these dates) so that they will become campaigners to their neighbors.

-- "On July 2 at 7 a.m. they will be offered a small refreshment to be brought (to the polling place) before 8 a.m. to cast their vote."

-- "Once this step is concluded, (the operative) will retake his position as representative of the polling place."

-- On Sunday June 15th each will be given 250 pesos for the costs of the refreshments on July 2nd and will be delivered the gifts for the 50 voters confirmed to go to the polling place. Once the operation is proved with the casting of votes for the PRI, they will be supported with 750 pesos more.

-- On June 15, 1,500 pesos will be given to each of the field workers. On July 1 they will receive another thousand pesos to operate on July 2nd. After the election, 500 more pesos will be given.

-- The budget for one electoral operation cell at the municipal level of the state will be a total of 1 million 301 thousand pesos.

-- "There will be complaints by some section presidents considering that they are not included in this program and they can be promised to be fit in because they'll each be given an extra million and a half pesos."

According to information delivered to Indicador Político, the sections to operate the "One for fifty program" are located in State of Mexico local election districts 24, 27, 29 and 30, although as a model it will be applied in many others in the country.

Source: Indicador Político, June 19, 2000

9. Charges of use of public funds in Puebla in favor of the PRI

PUEBLA -- The Alliance for Mexico presented ten complaints before the Attorney General's office for the crimes of detouring public resources.

...the charges are made against agencies such as Liconsa and the Secretary of Social Development, as well as some City Halls with authorities from the PRI.

(The plaintiffs) indicated that in the coming days the charges could rise to 150 complains, as it is presumed that Puebla is has the fifth most cases of uses of public resources in favor of the official party in the nation.

Source: La Jornada de Oriente, 16 june 2000

8. Ex-Election Commissioner Ortiz Pinchetti warns of fraud

The PRI and President Zedillo should not have been surprised by the resistance of opponents and the great part of the people to believe in electoral transparency.

The operations of vote-buying, pressures on voters, the pressure over officials and public employees to vote for the PRI, the use of public resources, the maneuvers to provoke fears in the population, are multiplying.

The electronic media, that had demonstrated some openness at the beginning of the process, has a position every day more tendentious in favor of the PRI and its candidates. In these conditions the pretension of official spokesmen and writers that the results will have to be accepted without discussion by opponents is somewhat badly intentioned.

The inclusion in the campaign team of Labastida of personalities connected with electoral frauds is threatening. Also the refusal of the PRI to permit a deep investigation of the financial structure of Labastida's campaign in spite of the fact that the PAN and Fox have accepted that kind of scrutiny over its own resources....

Source: La Jornada, column of José Agustín Ortiz Pinchetti, June 18, 2000

7. Mexico's PRI-aligned teachers' union to deploy 25,000 election observers

MEXICO CITY -- A move by Mexico's teachers' union to register 25,000 of its members as electoral observers for the upcoming presidential election drew a complaint Friday by a civil rights group, on the grounds that the union openly backs the ruling party candidate.

The complaint came as international observers reported electoral irregularities ahead of the July 2 vote, mainly by the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

The National Union of Education Employees (SNTE)... openly supports PRI presidential candidate Francisco Labastida, an ex-interior minister and former state governor of Sinaloa.

"We are concerned over the presence of the teachers as a coercion factor," said Hugo Almada of the Civic Alliance group, which is itself monitoring the vote independently.

"It is likely (the teachers) will talk to voters and even might exercise some kind of pressure," he told AFP...

Many political analysts say that vote-rigging, ballot-buying and intimidation of voters have played a key role in ensuring the PRI's record longevity.
Almada said it appeared there was more vote-buying and coercion of voters this year than there had been in 1997 congressional elections.

He expressed particular concern over the teachers' role in 'Progresa', a massive government spending program to help the country's 40 million poor, which observers say has been used in some cases to influence the vote.

"People are told that if they do not vote for the PRI, or if the PRI does not win, they will lose the public assistance program," said Almada.

Under Progresa, for example, families of school children are eligible for aid, conditional on the child's performance.

If a teacher finds fault with a child, he or she can cause the suspension of school aid given to his family, for whom this "often means the difference between eating or not eating," said Almada.

Source: French Press Agency (AFP) June 16 2000

6. Fed Election Institute Not Enforcing Laws

The National Action Party (PAN) demanded that the Federal Election Institute (IFE) intervene and sanction those responsible for using public resources in favor of the PRI. The PAN representative before the electoral agency, Germán Martínez Cázarez said that the electoral activity and pressure upon public servants in agencies like the government Department of Energy, as well as Mexican Petroleum "is scandalous."

He asserted that the IFE has the responsibility to guarantee the vote in conditions of liberty "and can't continue whistling in the valley."

Martínez Cázares underlined that the insitute cannot just limit itself to hanging signs and curtains to avoid pressure upon voters on the day of the elections: "it seems to me ridiculous that the IFE limits itself to this activity.

He criticized that the very President Ernesto Zedillo is altering the conditions of fairness in the contest by refusing to suspend the government's publicity in middle of the campaign.

According to Martínez Cázares his party documented a grave misuse of public resources in favor of the PRI by Chiapas Governor Roberto Albores but the Attorney General stays passive in that case.

At the same time, the PAN representative expressed that the party presented charges before the same Attorney General against the ex-governor of Puebla, Manuel Bartlett Díaz, to question the PRI leader about his declarations that government programs serve to guarantee victory by the PRI and its candidates. The PAN representative accused the public prosecutor David Martínez Soto, who received this complaint, of acting more like the attorney for Bartlett than as prosecutor of election crimes.

Source: Reforma, June 17, 2000

5. More proofs of Pemex electioneering

An investigation realized by REFORMA newspaper confirmed that the instructions to PEMEX official promoters of the PRI vote were sent from extension 53100 of the internal telephone system of the para-state agency.

The instructions, of which the newspaper has obtained a copy, ask the officials to recruit possible voters and offer to the list an e-mail address, "acueducto13" with the password "labastida" located at

REFORMA accessed that address and proved that here were the reports of the campaign operative of PEMEX with lists of the employees of the para-state agency that would be asked to vote for the PRI.

4. PEMEX plan to support PRI detailed

Villahermosa - One day after he opposed the continuation of campaigning by (the state-owned) Mexican Petroleum in favor of Francisco Labastida, Ramiro Berrón denounced that he received orders by the directors, during work hours, and warned that the electoral recommendation by this para-state agency necessarily requires using public resources.

"We have a copy of a FAX, that clearly shows that the instruction (to promote Labastida) was given by the directors of the agency during office hours," he said.

Ramiro Berrón, who is technical coordinator of the agency's southern region, also demonstrated the flow chart of the organization, in the form of a pyramid, in which from the high chiefs to the mid-level staff would campaign until more than 2,4000 Labastida sympathizers were recruited, in ten days.

"2,500 people will have to be enlisted in less than ten days. To motivate them in such a short time implies that there will have to be a very strong pressure upon them as to how to vote.

"They are obligin us to use the business resources, so that a person doesn't do engineering, but rather campaigns during work hours; for which we will use boardrooms, telephones of the business, and put resources toward what they are not for, principally human resources," he warned

Source: Reforma, June 16, 2000

3. Vote-buying gifts found in Durango

DURANGO - The political tension grew in the state capital after an opposition front joined by the PAN, PT and PRD discovered on thursday afternoon -- in a private property -- nearly 10,000 packages of vote-buying gifts that the PRI candidates would distribute in upcoming days. In the warehouse were found also various trucks of the State Electoral Institute (charged with regulating the elections).

The finding by the opposition front made the electoral ambience more tense, involving the State Electoral Institute of being in conspiracy with the PRI in the reparting of at least 10,000 packages. Yesterday morning the property owner filed charges for trespassing; the PRI blamed the opponents on possible violence; the opposition front offered a reward to whomever reports where there are more storage locations of vote-buying packages.

Source: El Universal, April 17 2000

2. Not enough ballots at the border

Partisans of opposition groups in Los Angeles, California are certain that there will not be enough ballots in the special polling locations installed in Tijuana for those who are organizing the caravans of Mexicans that will cross the border to excersize their right to vote in the July 2 presidential elections.

While members of the PRD in Los Angeles expressed their certainty that there will not be enough ballots for the number of voters that live in the United States, the organization in favor of Vicente Fox, Mexican Immigrants for Change (Mimexca), demonstrated the same fear and complained that the federal elections institute has not informed them exactly where they will find the special polling places.

The PRD leader José Jacques Medina, resident of Los Angeles...said that it is certain that the 15 polling places with 750 ballots each will not be sufficient for Mexican citizens in the US who "more than every want to vote."

The PRD representative Felipe Aguirre affirmed that the party organization is ready to bring a caravan of voters to the border, that will begin on June 25 and arrive in Los Angeles July 1 to continue its trip to the border.

The caravan led by 10 PRD horsemen that begins in Sunnyside, Washington... will, along its path, be joined by more people on horse and estimated "when we arrive in Tijuana we will be some 2,000 on horseback."

Source: El Universal, June 17 2000

1. Oaxaca: Gifts of property titles

The national leader of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), Amalia García, accused governors of the PRI of campaigning and delivering public works in the name of their party, and assured that she has documented the delivery of property titles delivered by the governor of this state, José Murat, in the name of the PRI.

Source: Notimex, June 17, 2000

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