<i>"The Name of Our Country is América" - Simon Bolivar</i> The Narco News Bulletin<br><small>Reporting on the War on Drugs and Democracy from Latin America
 English | Español December 20, 2014 | Issue #67


Making Cable News
Obsolete Since 2010


Set Color: blackwhiteabout colors

Print This Page
Comments

Search Narco News:

Narco News Issue #66
Complete Archives

Narco News is supported by The Fund for Authentic Journalism


Follow Narco_News on Twitter

Sign up for free email alerts list: English

Lista de alertas gratis:
Español


Contact:

Publisher:
Al Giordano


Opening Statement, April 18, 2000
¡Bienvenidos en Español!
Bem Vindos em Português!

Editorial Policy and Disclosures

Narco News is supported by:
The Fund for Authentic Journalism

Site Design: Dan Feder

All contents, unless otherwise noted, © 2000-2011 Al Giordano

The trademarks "Narco News," "The Narco News Bulletin," "School of Authentic Journalism," "Narco News TV" and NNTV © 2000-2011 Al Giordano

XML RSS 1.0

Central American Immigrants: Between Survival and Torture

The Nightmare of Central American Immigrants on Mexican Soil


By Fernando León and Mercedes Osuna
Special to The Narco News Bulletin

September 27, 2010

The journey that Central American immigrants have to take due to a lack of work in their own countries involves a forced hell in Mexico on their way to the United States. And Mexican immigration and police authorities have done everything possible to torment the Central American citizens and prevent them from making it to the US-Mexico border.

This month Mercedes Osuna, an organizer in Chiapas, accompanied a team of Italian journalists on one of the most dangerous stretches for Central American immigrants—a tour full of governmental traps to stop the immigrants from their goal: finding a job to make ends meet in North American lands.


The Tapachula landfill, where dozens of Guatemalan families live and work to survive.
Photo: D.R. 2010 Marco Diotallevi
The tour started on the Guatemalan border along the Suchiate river. The first thing the immigrants must do before they enter Mexican territory is to cross the vast river. Between the city of Tecún Uman, Guatemala and Ciudad Hidalgo, México, the immigrants have to cross on rafts that cost $100 a ride, in contrast to the settlers in Tecún Uman who are charged 10 Quetzals to cross over and buy food in Mexico. The rafts, or tractor tires tied to three boards, are the way to Mexican soil. The control over the rafts is part of a whole organized network, managed by Mexican and Guatemalan citizens tied to authorities who want to make juicy profits off of the immigrants.

Before crossing to Mexican soil, on the Guatemalan side there was a large group of immigrants gathered under a plastic tarp that seemed to have been part of a tent. The majority of the people gathered there said they were from Honduras, and that they had arrived there months or even years ago. According to them, they were there because on the Mexican side there had been beatings and assaults. They said that because they didn’t have anymore money they were forced to return to work on Guatemalan soil, to work outside of the boats.

On the Mexican side, the immigrants have the possibility of making it to an immigrant sanctuary in Tapachula to get food and shelter. However, they’re only allowed to be in the place for three days. If after that time they have left the city, they won’t be able to continue staying at the sanctuary.

The ability to get out of Tapachula is an achievement in itself on this bitter journey. Going through Mexico’s National Institute of Immigration (INM in Spanish initials) checkpoint on the outskirts of Tapachula could mean deportation from Mexican soil. The majority of the immigrants, in an attempt to avoid it, have to go through an area known as “La Arocera,” where most of the gangs—known as the maras in Central America—are located. It’s members are made up both of Central Americans and people from Chiapas. Their presence there is strategic to terrorize the immigrants who pass through. The maras,acting with total impunity, frequently attack the immigrants and rob, threaten, rape and murder them. There is a strong collusion between these gangs and Mexican authorities. During the tour it was common to find maras in police trucks, where they are moved to rotate the gangs and constantly maintain the criminal presence in order to terrorize the migrants who choose not to risk going through immigration control. The dissuasive job of the maras is fundamental to keeping immigrants out of the place. Often, intimidated immigrants have to go back to Ciudad Hidalgo to return to Guatemalan soil.

Many of the immigrants who haven’t been able to leave Tapachula, due to fear or a lack of resources, decided to settle in the vicinity of the city landfill. The foul smell is part of the atmosphere of the place. Here, entire families work from dawn to dusk to scavenge through trash. The vast majority of them are from the department of San Marcos, Guatemala. The ages range from 3 or 4 years to 70 years or more. These scavengers receive a peso for each kilo of cardboard or plastic that are able to gather, which they sell to truck drivers in Chiapas who are stationed on the banks of this place. These same families live, eat and work in this area. The inhumane conditions of the site constantly cause disease, but it is the only opportunity that they have to live and survive. In Guatemala, they say they don’t have anything. Here at least they can gather 10 pesos a day—if they’re lucky—to buy a few tortillas for subsistence. It’s that or nothing.


The immigrants have to cross the Suchiate River on rafts that cost 100 dollars per person.
Photo: D.R. 2010 Marco Diotallevi
From the city of Tapachula, the next stop is the city of Arriaga in the same state of Chiapas. The distance between Tapachula and Arriaga is approximately 230 kilometers. However, in October 2005, hurricane Stan destroyed everything in its path in Chiapas, Guatemala and El Salvador. Five years after the devastation, the effects still linger. From Tapachula to Arriaga, various train bridges for the train known as the “immigrant train” disappeared, making rail transportation impossible for the immigrants. Most of them choose to make the journey on foot, while some use public transportation that often brings them directly to immigration checkpoints. In Arriaga, if they’re lucky, they’ll be able to find food and a bed at another sanctuary, but again, if after three days they haven’t taken the train they will have to leave the sanctuary to sleep on the tracks, outside and under constant threat from gangs, police, and immigration authorities.

According to interviews given by immigrants in the area, the Beta Group from the National Institute of Immigration is the same as the maras and smugglers, and extorts, robs, and beats the immigrants. Everyone gets a slice of the immigration pie.

In Ciudad Hidalgo, as in other parts along the way, there are groups of smugglers who work with immigration agents to kidnap immigrants. The kidnappers call the families of the immigrants demanding ransoms in exchange for the release of their kidnapped relatives, while lying to them that they are about to cross the border into the Untied States. The illusion of reaching the US means that many immigrants rely on smugglers who are supposed bring them from Ciudad Hidalgo to the northern border. However, many are brought to safe houses in Chiapas to extort money from their families.

Juan, 17 and from Honduras, left his home 10 days ago to try his luck in the United States. He doesn’t have anything to lose. His parents died when we was a boy, he didn’t go to school, and he never found work. His sister raised him, but right now he has to be responsible for himself. His destination: the United States, where he hopes to send a little bit of money back to his sister and find a way to survive. He’s still not sure if he’ll reach his final destination, as he’s scared of the violence from the maras and Mexican immigration authorities.

This is only one journey that immigrants have to make in the state of Chiapas. From Arriaga, they will leave for Ixtepec, Oaxaca, and from there a train will bring them to the state of Mexico, from where they will choose between a path along the Pacific or the Gulf—both of which are controlled by a network of smugglers and organized crime, which when joined with the INM will make it a difficult trip to forget.

The passage of immigrants through Mexico is a forced route to the United States. Anti-immigrant politics in the United States have provoked the criminalization of immigrants who pass through Mexico, in an attempt to stop the flow. For Mexican immigrants each time it is more difficult to make it to the United States, but for Central American immigrants the effort required is double, when many times the journey through Mexico is more devious and dangerous than in the United States.

Share |

Lea Ud. el Artículo en Español

Discussion of this article from The Narcosphere


Enter the NarcoSphere to comment on this article

Narco News is funded by your contributions to The Fund for Authentic Journalism.  Please make journalism like this possible by going to The Fund's web site and making a contribution today.


- The Fund for Authentic Journalism

For more Narco News, click here.

The Narco News Bulletin: Reporting on the Drug War and Democracy from Latin America